Tuesday, July 28, 2020

The Cookie Thief

The Cookie Thief A woman was waiting at an airport one night, with several long hours before her flight. She hunted for a book in the airport shops, bought a bag of cookies and found a place to drop.She was engrossed in her book but happened to see, that the man sitting beside her, as bold as could be. . .grabbed a cookie or two from the bag in between, which she tried to ignore to avoid a scene.So she munched the cookies and watched the clock, as the gutsy cookie thief diminished her stock. She was getting more irritated as the minutes ticked by, thinking, If I wasnt so nice, I would blacken his eye. With each cookie she took, he took one too, when only one was left, she wondered what he would do. With a smile on his face, and a nervous laugh, he took the last cookie and broke it in half.He offered her half, as he ate the other, she snatched it from him and thought oooh, brother. This guy has some nerve and hes also rude, why he didnt even show any gratitude!She had never known when she had been so galled, and sighed with relief when her flight was called. She gathered her belongings and headed to the gate, refusing to look back at the thieving ingrate.She boarded the plane, and sank in her seat, then she sought her book, which was almost complete. As she reached in her baggage, she gasped with surprise, there was her bag of cookies, in front of her eyes.If mine are here, she moaned in despair, the others were his, and he tried to share. Too late to apologize, she realized with grief, that she was the rude one, the ingrate, the thief.By Valerie Cox in A Matter of Perspective Submitted by Tom The Colonel Parker

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Human Rights Act And The United Kingdom Of Great Britain

any scholars have argued that the introduction of the Human Rights Act has fostered a change in the constitutional order, and that parliamentary sovereignty is no longer the main basis of the British Constitution. In order to assess whether the introduction of the Human Rights Act 1998 fostered a change in the constitutional order and that parliamentary sovereignty is no longer the main basis of the British constitution it is first necessary to understand the British constitution. This essay will analyse the term constitution and its principles, the effects the Humans Rights Act and the European Communities Act had on the Uk Constitution and ultimately explain parliamentary sovereignty and why it is no longer the main basis of the British†¦show more content†¦The limitation of power exists so that exercise of power must conform to notions of respect for individuals and individual rights. Introducing the rule of law, according to Dicey the rule of law has three meanings (a) the supremacy of regular law over arbitrary power (b) equality before the law and (c) no higher law other than the rights of individuals as determined through the courts (Dicey, 1885). When the government is answerable to the law, the court are empowered to make the authoritative determination of what the law is. Laws must be clear, for example in the case of the Burmal Oil Co Ltd v Lord Advocate [1965] the House of Lords upheld the claim for compensation against the crown in respect of damage done by British forces during wartime. It was seen as incompatible with the rule of law and caused the War Damage Act 1965. Control over the discretionary power is essential. Since the British Constitution is un-codified and the rights and duties of citizens are not expressly codified in one central document. The classical British view of rights is that individuals were free to do anything that was not prohibited, the Human Rights Act fostered a change in the constitutional order, as it incorp orated the European Convention on the Protection of Human Rights 1951 [ECHR] into the domestic law of the United Kingdom. The separation of powers is a model of government that many

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Human Resources in the Aviation Industry - 3059 Words

Human Resources in the Aviation Industry Submitted to: Mrs. Jasmina Popov-Locke Submitted by: Maha A. Jammoul CONTENTS Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦3 Recruitment and Selection Process†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.4-12 Effect of recruitment, selection, and interviewing processes on Southwest Airlines†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...13-17 Conclusion†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...18 Bibliography†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.19 INTRODUCTION Human resources is a very important and essential element of any business. In the aviation industry, it plays a vital role due the contribution it makes to the over-all employee-firm relationship. Human resources concern the human side of managing enterprises and employees’ relations with their firms. It makes sure that the employees of the†¦show more content†¦SELECTION In the process of selection, the candidates for the specific job will be assessed and filtered out based on their level of compatibility with the organization or firm as a whole. Common Steps taken by Manager in the Selection Process: 1. Comparing of application forms and looking for candidates exhibiting suitability for the job. 2. Making a list of candidates to be interviewed and a list of rejected applicants (Short-listing). 3. Deciding what type of interview should be given and what test should be used. 4. Taking down notes on the applicants’ performance in the interview and tests. ââ€"  Interview Method This is the most common method used. The interview is conducted by the recruiter and types of interview vary from one organization to another e.g. individual, successive, panel. In this method, the applicant will be answering questions given by the interviewer wherein his/her communication skills and job knowledge will be put to test. ââ€"  Psychometric Testing Method In this method, applicants will be assessed based on their personalities and their ability to fit in the organization. ââ€"  Aptitude Testing Method Skills of the applicants are being assessed in this given method. ââ€"  In-tray Exercise Method Exercise or activities will be given to the candidates which will show their performance level on the job they will be handling. ââ€"  Presentation Method Skills andShow MoreRelatedImportance Of Hr And Their Role Of Aviation Industry1511 Words   |  7 Pages Importance of HR and their Role in aviation industry Department of Aviation, Lewis University, Romeoville, IL Bipin Patel bipinnpatel@lewisu.edu +12247701888 Abstract Today, Human Resource Management has become a vital part of industries. They play a significant role in all industry. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Discussion on the Dialectical in Hero Free Essays

Discuss the usefulness of the idea of the ‘dialectical’ with regard to any of the texts on this module. ‘Dialectic’ refers to the dialogue between two or more positions, holding different perspectives about a subject, who wish to establish the truth of the matter by dialogue with reasoned arguments. It may be postulated that Hero works on a Hegelian dialectic model, in that the tensions between the protagonist and antagonist of the film are constantly reworking the other, till a synthesis of their essence is achieved. We will write a custom essay sample on A Discussion on the Dialectical in Hero or any similar topic only for you Order Now Aufhebung† or sublation, being the motor by which the Hegelian dialectic functions (Palm, 2009) indicates the preservation of a useful portion of an idea, while moving beyond its limitations. The dialectic of Hero is realized in two ways; multiple narratives and multiple forms of dialogue-and suggests that there is no absolute truth, and that we arrive at the final truth through the dialectical interplay of different truths that challenge, change and preserve each other at once. The framed narrative structure of Hero displays the dialectic that exists between the King and Nameless as multiple narratives are being set up to communicate the different points of view existing between Nameless and the King. The celebration of the multiplicity of perspectives, or points of view, serves to highlight the nature of truth as a product of dialectical interplay between multiple presented truths. Hero functions as a prism, as seen from the division of the film into various vibrantly colored narratives as emblems of different truths. The self-similar fractal dimension each narrative holds highlights the fact that each narrative contains elements of the narrative before it, and each truth is derived from the truth before it, where each progressive narrative retains select elements of the previous one but changes others to create a different story. This is evident in the dialogical exchange between Nameless and the King, where the King chooses to accept parts of Nameless’ story as true and other parts as false. This fragmentation and subsequent reinvention of the truth creates a disjoint between the perceived truth and the accepted truth, suggesting that truth consists of many individual parts, and that in order for a unified truth to be assembled, deconstruction of it into its individual parts must happen before it can be reconstructed into a larger whole. Hence, the dialectical interplay between the multiple truths creates a new composite truth that retains the essence of each truth before it. Sublation occurs in the interaction between Nameless and the King, where both of them have their own truths in terms of ideologies, and the dialectical interaction of the two allows the two truths to interact and change each other as a result. For example, in order to get within 10 feet of the King, a limitation Sky, Broken Sword and Flying Snow could not breach, Nameless presents their weapons and in Broken Sword’s case his calligraphy. The items here are symbolic of each swordsman’s ideologies, and Nameless through accepting their weapons has similarly internalized their ideologies, hence changing his own truth as a result. Nameless as the bearer of Broken Sword’s truth then influences the King, so much so that the latter places his life in his would-be killer’s hands. Broken Sword’s truth resonates strongly with the King’s truth here, and this unification of their truths represents the power of the unification the King is striving to achieve, in the sense that it is powerful enough to make Nameless give up his goal of killing the King, something he had trained for more than 10 years for and defined himself by. Therefore even though Nameless has to be killed for the preservation of the social order, the King who is left standing at the end of the film has been changed, and this is evident from his hesitance in sentencing Nameless to death, something he would not have hesitated to do prior to their meeting. Truth is seen here as something that we define ourselves by, and when our truth is changed, so do our definitions of ourselves and hence our identity. The dialectic in Hero finds physical form through the dialogical form that fighting takes on in the sense that there is an oppositional structural clash between two people holding on to different ideals. Over the course of the film, fighting is seen as a form of self-expression, and it shows how two people, charged with different ideals, clash, with the result that the one left standing has been changed in some manner by the other. The fight at the end of the film, between Broken Sword, who has forsaken his revenge for the sake of unification, and Flying Snow, who holds on to her revenge and blames Broken Sword for giving up his, represents exactly this point. The dichotomization between opposite ideals creates a cognitive dissonant effect which highlights the struggle between personal ideals and greater ideals that supersede the self. This conflict is ealized in Flying Snow whose triumph over Broken Sword grants her the unfortunate belated realization that at some level she yearned for coexistence with his ideal despite its clash with hers, as connoted by the repetition of â€Å"why didn’t you defend yourself? †, and this dissonance leads her to commit suicide to be reunited with her lover. Ultimately the clash of two people representing their own ideals has resulted in the prevalence of one person whose ideal has changed as a result. The communicative exchange between Nameless and Broken Sword as seen in the swordfight, over the water’s surface, in which calligraphic elements are embedded, signals a dialogic exchange not only of martial arts but also in terms of ideals. The constant parallelism of each other’s movements in the water signals that it is not a swordfight of conflict but rather conversation, as seen from the sword strokes through the water akin to the strokes of a calligraphy brush on a canvas. Significantly the fight climaxes in the back-and-forth hitting of the water droplet, where the fluidity of water alludes to the fluid nature of truth and how it can be molded to serve one’s purpose. The fight ends when the water droplet hits Flying Snow’s face, and Nameless who turns back from his original purpose of striking Broken Sword also ends up with water droplets on his face. By drawing a parallel between Flying Snow and Nameless, who both sought revenge against the King for the destruction of their homelands, we see a tension between Nameless and Flying Snow’s common ideal and Broken Sword’s ideal. This tension is only resolved through Flying Snow’s death, and Nameless’s act of turning away, suggesting that when one holds on to a particular ideal such that it becomes one’s truth and identity, the inevitable clash of this truth with another’s will result in the deconstruction of one and the reconstruction of another. In conclusion, when we view things through different lens, we will come away with different truths each time. Hero exemplifies this for us and causes us to examine the nature of truth through the dialectical intercourse of each truth. Truth serves an existential purpose and it is important for each and every one of us to derive our own truth and hence determine our identity and purpose in life. The message of Hero is that though there are forces in existence that are greater than ourselves, the power of a common truth of all the nameless citizens can sometimes influence the truth of the one in power, in this case the King, and determine his actions. Everyone’s truth is different, but it is the meaning that we attach to it that defines us and sets us apart. Bibliography Palm, R. (2009). Retrieved October 17, 2012, from Katholieke Universiteit Leuven: https://lirias. kuleuven. be/bitstream/123456789/234670/1/PALM+dissertat.. How to cite A Discussion on the Dialectical in Hero, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Sensory Adaptation

When people move to a new environment, they might experience a sense of discomfort. Consider a situation when a person enters a room that has an extremely foul smell. Initially the environment is overwhelming and the person feels like vomiting. However, with perseverance the foul smell seem to reduce in intensity and no longer overwhelms the person.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Sensory Adaptation specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The person has gotten over the smell and can live with it. The sensory nerves thus stop being sensitive to the strong smell and adapt to the environment. Psychologists have termed this phenomenon as sensory adaptation. This adaptation helps people to live comfortably in new environments and still balance the need to receive sensory stimulus. Sensory adaptation is possible to all the five senses namely, sight, sound, touch smell and taste. However, the sensation that does not adapt easily is the sense of pain. In the event that a person is burnt, the smell of burnt flesh disappears quickly but the pain lingers on for longer period (Smith Wallace, 2011). The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of sensory adaptation in human beings through a series of experiments. The first experiment involves the sense of touch. I rubbed my index finger over a very coarse sand paper for one minute. On a scale of 1 to 7, where 7 is very course, I rated the paper at 7. I waited for minute and rubbed with the same finger again. However, upon the second turn the paper seemed less coarse. I rated its level of coarseness at four. My sense of touch had become less sensitive to the sense of touch. During the process of the experiments, a number of sensory activities took place in my nervous system. Upon touching the sandpaper, the dendrites receive the stimulus and process it in the cell body. After processing, this information is transferred by the axon as a chemical si gnal through the synapse, which may or may not be located in that muscle cell. This chemical message, the neurotransmitter, is picked by the sensory neurons and transmitted to the brain through the spinal tract located in the spinal cord. Inside the brain, the cerebrum receives this stimulation, which is then transferred to the Somatosensory Cortex. This organ in the brain perceives the level of the coarseness of the sandpaper and immediately reacts by sending a message back to the finger through the motor neurons. This message commands the sensory cells to become less sensitive to stimulation. Thus the sandpaper seems less coarse a second time (Slideshare, 2011; Moini, 2008). This seems to be a very long process but it takes millisecond from initiation to completion. This is because the central nervous system is equipped to respond to stimulus and make split second decision.Advertising Looking for assessment on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper wit h 15% OFF Learn More The second experiment involved the sense of taste. I took two glasses of water and added sugar into one. I sipped the water from the glass that I had added sugar and swished in my mouth for about fifteen seconds. I noticed that my sweet glands became less sensitive to the sweetness of water towards the end the fifteenth second. I then sipped the sugarless water in swished it in my mouth for a few seconds. I noticed that the water tasted salty, despite the fact that I had not put any salt into the water. There was sensory adaptation in my taste buds when I tasted water with sugar. My senses became excessively stimulated that when I tasted the sugarless water it seemed salty. The taste cells in the taste buds pick up the very sweet sense, which is dissolved into the taste pore. The taste pore transducts the chemical message to the nerves, and the neurotransmitter is then activated and transferred to the synapses into the brain. This releases electrolytes, which connect with receptors located inside the taste membrane. This stimulates numerous taste buds in the tongue that can detect the strong taste of sugar (Slideshare, 2011). The above experiments prove that human beings are equipped to adapt to different environments. Adaptation is the natural way of responding to new environments, it is an â€Å"automatic relationship between input of a new environment and the physical response of organism† (Edward, 2002). It is natural for human beings to adapt to new environments. Adaptation may occur through natural selection where the best-fitted human beings survive in a new environment. This exposure will result in the necessary phenotypic adaptation. The human genotype responds by aligning the genotypic make up which is transferred to the subsequent offspring and thus evolutionary adaptation occurs. In conclusion, human beings are biologically equipped to adapt to new environments. Our senses progressively become less sensitive to new stimuli, thus making it easy to live in that new environment. Evolution is a product of adaptation. However, not all living things adapt to new environment easily as they may have physiological weaknesses. On the short term, individuals develop complications. But when exposed to new environment for a longer time extinction occurs. List of References Edward, L. (2002). Evolutionary psychology: An emerging integrative perspective within the science and practice of psychology. The Human Nature Review, 2(17-61).Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on Sensory Adaptation specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Moini, J. (2008). Focus on pharmacology: Essentials for health professional. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall Slide share (2011). Sensory adaptation experiment. Retrieved from https://www.slideshare.net/CarlaMcCoy/sensory-adaptation-experiment Smith S. Wallace, O (2011). What is sensory adaptation? Wisegeek. Re trieved from https://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-sensory-adaptation.htm This assessment on Sensory Adaptation was written and submitted by user Ainsley Owen to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 20, 2020

Genre Example

Genre Example Genre – Coursework Example The characteristic of this genre can be termed as a white paper since it is criticizing and arguing certain information and notions put across by various reports and documents. Audiences to white papers expect arguments about certain points in previous reports or articles. Organizations use white papers to mainly put forward ideas in an open-ended manner that is also arguing other reports and documents. Most genres of writings are bound by certain rules so that they can be categorized and resourceful to the people who will use them. Forms of genres are mostly fixed. This is because a variation of a certain form will form a different genre. From this article, I have learnt on how to approach several issues using the required technique when it comes to presenting them in writing.Formalism is a type of writing that critics literature without paying attention to any other facts. A formalist article only focuses on the said article, report or proposal without analyzing the sources, histor y or author of the literature. Formalism is, therefore, a very important form of criticism because it has an independent approach towards the literature in question. It steers clear of any other historical issues regarding the article, but focuses on the content, context and stylistic features of an article that integrate to piece up the whole literature.The examples given by Rude are quite understandable. The theoretical problems are debatable problems hence their reports contain pros and cons of the matter being discussed. Empirical problems are factual in nature, and are based on tests and observations made, thus, their reports give the observations and facts found. On the other hand, practical problems are those that require a choice to be made; hence, their reports give a course of action.Rude feels like rhetoric is important in decision making because it assists in breaking down the findings of a report. Rhetoric assists in ascertaining the facts and displaying the effects of the said facts in a report hence its importance. According to Frances (89), the use of rhetoric as a style can be perfect in the writing of decision-making reports.From this article, I have learnt that the kind of report I write will be subject to the nature of the problem at hand. This means that decision-making depends on the issue at hand. This means that without being too much formalistic, the kind of problem will determine the kind of report to write for the purposes of decision-making.Work CitedRanney, Frances . Aristotles Ethics and Legal Rhetoric: An Analysis of Language Beliefs, and the Law. Aldershot : Ashgate, 2005. Print.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Biography of Harry S. Truman, 33rd U.S. President

Biography of Harry S. Truman, 33rd U.S. President Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884–December 26, 1972) became the 33rd president of the United States following the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt on April 12, 1945. Not well known when he took office, Truman gained respect for his role in the development of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan and for his leadership during the Berlin Airlift and the Korean War. He defended his controversial decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan as a necessity to end World War II. Fast Facts: Harry S. Truman Known For: 33rd president of the United StatesBorn: May 8, 1884 in Lamar, MissouriParents: John Truman, Martha YoungDied: Dec. 26, 1972 in Kansas City, MissouriPublished Works: Year of Decisions, Years of Trial and Hope (memoirs)Spouse: Elizabeth â€Å"Bess† TrumanChildren: Margaret Truman DanielNotable Quote: An honest public servant cant become rich in politics. He can only attain greatness and satisfaction by service. Early Life Truman was born on May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri to John Truman and Martha Young Truman. His middle name, simply the letter S, was a compromise made between his parents, who couldnt agree upon which grandfathers name to use. John Truman worked as a mule trader and later a farmer, frequently moving the family between small Missouri towns before settling in Independence when Truman was 6. It soon became apparent that young Harry needed glasses. Banned from sports and other activities that might break his glasses, he became a voracious reader. Hard Work After graduating from high school in 1901, Truman worked as a timekeeper for the railroad and later as a bank clerk. He had always hoped to go to college, but his family couldnt afford tuition. More disappointment came when Truman learned that he was ineligible for a scholarship to West Point because of his eyesight. When his father needed help on the family farm, Truman quit his job and returned home. He worked on the farm from 1906 to 1917. Long Courtship Moving back home had one benefit: proximity to childhood acquaintance Bess Wallace. Truman had first met Bess at age 6 and had been smitten from the start. Bess came from one of the wealthiest families in Independence and Truman, the son of a farmer, had never dared pursue her. After a chance encounter in Independence, Truman and Bess began a courtship that lasted nine years. She finally accepted Trumans proposal in 1917, but before they could make wedding plans, World War I intervened. Truman enlisted in the Army, entering as a first lieutenant. Shaped by War Truman arrived in France in April 1918. He had a talent for leadership and was soon promoted to captain. Placed in charge of a group of rowdy artillery soldiers, Truman made it clear to them that he wouldnt tolerate misbehavior. That firm, no-nonsense approach would become the trademark style of his presidency. The soldiers came to respect their tough commander, who steered them through the war without the loss of a single man. Truman returned to the U.S. in April 1919 and married Bess in June. Makes a Living Truman and his new wife moved into her mothers large home in Independence. Mrs. Wallace, who never approved of her daughters marriage to a farmer, would live with the couple until her death 33 years later. Never fond of farming himself, Truman was determined to become a businessman. He opened a mens clothing store in nearby Kansas City with an Army buddy. The business was successful at first but failed after only three years. At 38, Truman had succeeded at few endeavors aside from his wartime service. Eager to find something he was good at, he looked to politics. Enters Politics Truman successfully ran for Jackson County judge in 1922 and became well known for his honesty and strong work ethic on this administrative (not judicial) court. During his term, he became a father in 1924 when daughter Mary Margaret was born. He was defeated in his try for re-election but ran again two years later and won. When his last term expired in 1934, Truman was courted by the Missouri Democratic Party to run for the U.S. Senate. He rose to the challenge, campaigning tirelessly across the state. Despite poor public speaking skills, he impressed voters with his folksy style and record as a soldier and judge, soundly defeating the Republican candidate. Sen. Truman Becomes President Truman Working in the Senate was the job Truman had waited for his entire life. He took a leading role in investigating wasteful spending by the War Department, earning the respect of fellow senators and impressing President Roosevelt. He was re-elected in 1940. As the 1944 election drew near, Democratic leaders sought a replacement for Vice President Henry Wallace. Roosevelt himself requested Truman. FDR then won his fourth term with Truman on the ticket. In poor health and suffering from exhaustion, Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945, only three months into his last term, making Truman president of the United States. Thrust into the limelight, Truman faced some of the greatest challenges encountered by any 20th-century president. World War II was drawing to a close in Europe, but the war in the Pacific was far from over. Atomic Bomb Truman learned in July 1945 that scientists working for the U.S. government had tested an atomic bomb in New Mexico. After much deliberation, Truman decided that the only way to end the war in the Pacific would be to drop the bomb on Japan. Truman issued a warning to the Japanese demanding their surrender, but those demands werent met. Two bombs were dropped, the first on Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945, and the second three days later on Nagasaki. In the face of such utter destruction, the Japanese surrendered. Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan As European countries struggled financially following WWII, Truman recognized their need for economic and military aid. He knew that a weakened country would be more vulnerable to the threat of communism, so he pledged to support nations facing such a threat. Trumans plan was called the Truman Doctrine. Trumans secretary of state, former Gen. George C. Marshall, believed that the struggling nations could survive only if the U.S. supplied the resources needed to return them to self-sufficiency. The Marshall Plan, passed by Congress in 1948, provided the materials needed to rebuild factories, homes, and farms. Berlin Blockade and Re-Election in 1948 In the summer of 1948, the Soviet Union set up a blockade to keep supplies from entering West Berlin, the capital of democratic West Germany but located in Communist East Germany. The blockade of truck, train, and boat traffic was intended to force Berlin into dependence upon the communist regime. Truman stood firm against the Soviets, ordering that supplies be delivered by air. The Berlin Airlift continued for nearly a year, until the Soviets finally abandoned the blockade. In the meantime, despite a poor showing in opinion polls, Truman was re-elected, surprising many by defeating popular Republican Thomas Dewey. Korean Conflict When Communist North Korea invaded South Korea in June 1950, Truman weighed his decision carefully. Korea was a small country, but Truman feared that communists, left unchecked, would invade other countries. Within days, Truman had gained approval for U.N. troops to be ordered to the area. The Korean War began and it lasted until 1953, after Truman left office. The threat had been contained, but North Korea remained under communist control. Back to Independence Truman chose not to run for re-election in 1952, and he and Bess returned to their home in Independence in 1953. Truman enjoyed the return to private life and busied himself with writing his memoirs and planning his presidential library. He died at the age of 88 on Dec. 26, 1972. Legacy When Truman left office in 1953, the lengthy stalemate between North and South Korea had left him one of the most unpopular presidents in history. But that sentiment gradually changed over time as historians began to reassess his terms in office, crediting him with keeping South Korea independent from the communist neighbor to the north. He began to be respected as a folksy straight shooter and the ultimate common man for his leadership in troubled times and his willingness to take responsibility, exemplified by the plaque on his presidential desk that read â€Å"The Buck Stops Here!† Sources Harry S. Truman: President of the United States. Encyclopaedia Britannica.Harry S Truman: 1945-1953. The White House Historical Association.